The prehistoric temples of Malta and Gozo are among the oldest freestanding architectural structures in the world.   Some of the temples face in similar directions. and it has been suggested that these clusters of bearing could be explained by orientations upon astronomical targets.

 The most famous prehistoric temple in Gozo is the Ggantija. Its name comes from the legend that it was built by a giantess, a story that acknowledges the huge dimensions of the Ġgantija temples that make up this UNESCO World Heritage Site in Xagħra, Gozo.